Curriculum Matters

Prime Areas - fundamental for your child`s development; Specific Areas - essential skills and knowledge


Starting school is a step towards independence for your child. Our Early Years Foundation Stage provides a secure and anxiety-free environment where your child can play, explore, experiment and investigate. We encourage the children to find out for themselves, at their own pace , and to acquire skills and knowledge through first hand experience, so gaining a sound understanding of the world around them. General understanding must be strengthened before children can make sense of the specialised skills that school will soon be helping them to learn.

The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum is divided into Prime and Specific Areas of Learning.

Prime Areas

The prime areas are fundamental, work together, and move through to support development in all other areas.


Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Our approach to learning will encourage children to be confident, form good relationships with adults and peers and gain an understanding about right and wrong.


They will learn to talk about how they and others show feelings and how important it is to take turns and share fairly in order to play and work together harmoniously.

Communication and Language

Children will learn to listen attentively, follow instructions and express themselves effectively.

In particular they will learn to listen and respond to stories, to answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences, and use talk to organise, sequence and clarify their thinking, ideas, feelings and events.

Physical Development
The children are given lots of opportunities to move with confidence, control, imagination and co-ordination in a safe way. The children will learn the skills they need to use equipment effectively and safely, e.g. cutting with scissors or holding a pencil.

They will learn to have an awareness of space and recognise the changes that will happen to their bodies when they are active. They will have opportunities to join in with dance and movement sessions, ride bikes, push and pull trucks and use a range of large and small equipment in our all weather pitch area.


Specific Areas

The specific areas include essential skills and knowledge for children to participate successfully in society.


They will learn to love books and stories as their ability to learn to read and understand develops.

They will learn to segment the sounds in simple words and blend them together to read words and simple 

Children learn to do their own emergent (pretend)  writing which will gradually develop into more meaningful writing as they learn to link sounds to letters.

They will learn to write their names and begin to write simple sentences.


This area of learning includes working with numbers e.g. counting out objects up to 20, placing them in order and saying which number is one more or one less than a given number and beginning to use the vocabulary involved in addition and subtraction.

Children will also learn to know the names and talk about 2d and 3d shapes, sort and match e.g. grouping similar coloured objects together and to talk about size, weight, time and money.

Understanding the world

This area encompasses children’s early learning in science, design and technology, ICT, history, geography and finding out about different cultures and beliefs.

We use a hands on approach which enables the children to find out about the world through their senses.

We celebrate many different festivals  and celebrations such as Chinese New Year, Christmas and Eid.

Expressive Arts and Design

The children have opportunities to work with a wide range of materials and media in a creative way.

They learn to safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function. Children are encouraged to make and listen to  music.

Children have the opportunity to express and communicate their ideas, feelings and thoughts through dance, drama and imaginative role play.


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